History of the SAT and ACT. SAT/ACT preparation tutoring and classes have been around for a long time. In 1938 Stanley Kaplan started tutoring students in New York to do better on tests. Kaplan’s business prospered and eventually went nationwide.
Princeton Review got into the act in the early ’80s, and has been joined more recently by Revolution Prep here in California. The Princeton Review approach emphasized “tricks” for “beating” the exam, advocating clever strategies to out-guess the test makers. Princeton Review, to its credit, also offered scholarships to students who couldn’t afford to pay the full price of standard enrollment. Recently Princeton Review was accused by Kaplan of false advertising.